Pure Silk Sarees / Saris from India

Sari can be rightly termed as a wonderful piece of fabric that makes women pleasing and presentable; moreover, the wearer will feel fully comfortable! This lengthy apparel will also bring in modishness, because, numerous varieties and styles of sarees are available and one can select in accordance with the nature of the situation.

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It is believed that the practice of wearing Sari emerged during the ‘Indus Valley Civilization’ era (roughly from 2800 to 1800 BC)! It should be remembered here that the primeval poetries in Sanskrit and Tamil portray ladies who are dressed up in lovely sarees! In our time, saree is considered as one of the best suited dress material for ladies, especially, during grand events like festivals and marriages. Silk sarees have become part and parcel of Indian social life, and consequently, the effect can be seen in the Textile market also. Indian textile market has advanced significantly in line with the rolling of time, and presently you can find so many brands of silk sarees here.
The term used to define silk differs from region to region in India; while silk is termed as ‘Pattu’ in Southern India, it is ‘Eri’ in the eastern side, and when it enters the northern and central parts of India, silk becomes ‘Resham’.

Mulberry / Pat silk Fabric

This is a special silk that is manufactured by using the cords obtained from the silkworms that are nourished by providing mulberry leaves. In general, this brand bears vivid white color or can be somewhat off-white.

Muga Silk Fabric

This is another popular variety silk and is created using the threads gathered from the silk worms that are seen in the District of Golpara in Assam. A specialty of these worms is that they consume the leaves of plants Saula & Som instead of Mulberry leaves. This brand silk is specially noted for the superior shiny texture and lastingness. Another key feature of this variety is that, washing augments the luster of the texture.

Tussar / Kosa Silk Fabric

A typical genus of silk worms (broad-winged) that are grown on ‘Oak’, ‘Jamun’, and ‘Arjun’ trees are used to form the special threads for ‘Tussar / Kosa Silk’. These species can be copiously seen in Jharkhand region. The special quality of Tussar is the genuine golden color, and this cord can be effectively tinted in various colors.

Eri Silk

For manufacturing this brand silk, the required thread is prepared from a unique class of silkworms that are common in the northeastern segments of India. ‘Eri’ is an Assamese expression that denotes the castor plants. As these silkworms are grown on such plants, they are called ‘Eri’.

Silk Saris and India

Silk was a much favored cloth material throughout India from time immemorial, and it is a fact that it is rated as a superior cloth item even these days. The main silk manufacturing places in India are ‘West Bengal’, ‘Jharkhand’, ‘Karnataka’, ‘Chattisgarh’, ‘Orissa’, ‘Tamil Nadu’, and ‘Andhra Pradesh’. There are some conventional silk sarees that are highly popular in India. The list includes ‘Patola (Ikat) Silk’, ‘Banarasi Silk Saree’, ‘Baluchari Silk Saree’, ‘Pochampally Silk Sari’, ‘Bomkai Silk Sari’, ‘Kanjivaram Silk sari’, and ‘Mysore Silk Sari’.

Traditional Silk saris in India

Central India

Madhya Pradesh

Chanderi Silk Fabric

This brand saree is a conventional sari and is manufactured in Madhya Pradesh (Chanderi – Ashoknagar District). This stuff is famous for its fine texture, weightlessness, and elaborate designs. The generally used designs include ‘flowers’, ‘coin designs’, and ‘geometrical patterns’. The end portions of the sari will be usually decoratively bordered using golden cords.

Tussar / Kosa silk Fabric

The name is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Kosa Silk’. The key feature of Tussar is the genuine golden color. Because of the porous quality, this brand will give more coolness to the wearer than the various other silk sarees. Hence, it is a good buy to wear during the warm days.

Eastern India

West Bengal

Korail/Garad Silk Sari Fabric

This comes under the tag of ‘all the rage’ sarees and is generally worn on festive days and during religious rituals like the famous ‘Durga Puja’ of West Bengal. The base cloth will be white and there will be a deep red colored border.

Garad Silk Sari’ is very much akin to ‘Korial Lal Paar Saree’; however, here there will be flower designs even though the base cloth will be white.

Baluchari Silk Sari Fabric

This is manufactured from Murshidabad District (West Bengal). One notable factor of Baluchari Silk Sarees is that the ‘pallu’ will be imprinted with diverse designs of mythological characters (taken from Hindu epics ‘Ramayana’ and ‘Mahabharata’).

Odisha (Orissa)

Sambalpuri Ikat Silk Sari Fabric

Sambalpuri Ikat Silk Sari’ is a superb saree item and is manufactured in the District of Boudh, Odisha. This is a conventional saree and is woven manually and the dyeing technique of Ikat is applied here. A notable feature is that conventional symbols such as ‘Phool (flower)’, ‘Shankha (shell)’ and ‘Chakra (wheel)’ used for creating the designs. The used cords are ‘tie dyed’ before the weaving process, and because of this, the creation of ‘Sambalpuri’ is a long process and will get stretched into weeks.

Bomkai Silk Sari Fabric

This brand sari is manufactured in Odisha (Bomkai village) and ‘Bhulia’ community creates it. These are ‘Patola’ sarees and the ‘Ikat’ method of dyeing is employed. The key feature of this brand sari is the light and graceful shade. The ‘bead form’ of the border, the uneven ‘temple’ design beside the border, the heavily decorated ‘Pallu’, and the bright color difference in the border are some of the other notable traits.


Mugga Silk  Fabric

Mugga Silk’ is manufactured in Assam. The key feature of this sari is the attractive dazzling gold shade. ‘Mugga’ is an Assamese word and the meaning is ‘yellow’. ‘Mugga Silk’ is a pricey silk product; it has excellent texture and is also a long-lasting sari. Users say that washing increases the luster of this brand sari.

Western India


Paithani Silk Sari Fabric

This is considered as one of the luxuriant sarees in the State of Maharashtra; the term ‘Paithani’ is derived from ‘Paithan’, which is an Aurangabad city. The salient attributes of ‘Paithani Silk Sari’ are the manually created ‘border’ and the golden zari ‘pallu’. The generally used designs are ‘flowers’ and ‘peacocks’.


Bandhani Silk Sari Fabric                      

Bandhani Silk Sarees are tagged as ‘all the rage’ in Rajasthan, and ‘tie & dye’ method is applied in the creation of this brand. The name of the sari is taken from the Hindi word ‘Bandhan’ which in English is ‘Joined’ or ‘United’. The designs are formed by dyeing the base cloth after knotting small parts of the cloth. The generally created designs are ‘strips’, ‘squares’, ‘dots’, ‘waves’, etc.

Patola Silk Sari Fabric

Patola Silk Sari’ is well accepted in Gujarat; as a matter of fact, ‘Patola’ is regarded as the embodiment of quality and lastingness. The distinctive attributes of ‘Patola’ are the artful designs. Usually, the applied patterns include ‘geometrical shapes’, ‘flowers’, ‘dancers’, ‘parrots’, ‘elephants’, etc. The special trait of ‘double Patola’ is that ‘weft’ and ‘wrap’ will be uniformly dyed before the process of weaving and so, the wearer can use both sides.

Southern India

Tamil Nadu

Kanjivaram Silk Sari  Fabric 

This one is a conventional brocade sari and is produced in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. Genuine ‘Mulberry Silk’ is used for weaving ‘Kanjivaram Silk Sari’. The special feature of this brand is that, the ‘Pallu’ is independently created and then is nicely coupled to the main sari piece. Moreover, the pattern and the color of the ‘Pallu’ and ‘Body’ will be different. In addition to this, this brand sari will be weightier than the rest of the silk sarees, and hence will be more expensive.

Konrad Silk Sari Fabric

This brand sarees are manufactured in Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu). It is believed that the earliest ‘Konrad Silk Sarees’ were created for the purpose of decorating deities. The key attribute of this sari is that, there will be a border of roughly 10 cm to 40 cm and the color will be plain; besides, there will be two thinly designed belts extra, next to the border (just about 3 cm from the edge of the border), which are termed as ‘pettu’ or ‘kampi’. The sari body will generally have ‘checks’ or ‘stripes’, and the ‘zari’ work will be intense.


Pochampally Ikat Silk Sari Fabric

This is a conventional type sari and is manufactured from Pochampally (Bhoodan - Nalgonda District, Telangana). The special feature of this brand is the geometrical designs that are created by applying the dyeing technique of Ikat. Sico, which is a good mix of cotton and silk, is also used as the base cloth, apart from actual Silk.

Northern India

Uttar Pradesh

Banarasi Silk Sari Fabric

This brand brocades and sarees are specially noted for the elaborate ‘zari works’. The given motifs will be comparatively complex and generally the inspiration behind such designs will be the bygone ‘Mughal’ period. However, in our time, electroplated cords are substituted for gold and silver cords (zari).

Frequently Asked Questions

Points to Reckon When You Buy Silk Sarees

You must be conscious about your own body shape; this awareness will help you to pick the most suitable one.

It is better to avoid stuffs like ‘Tissue Silk’, ‘Organza Silk’, and ‘Tussar Silk’ if you are hefty, because, these sarees will make you look fattier.

If you are tall, you can go for ‘broad border’ silk sarees; they will make you look stylish.

Dark colored silk sarees such as ‘green’, ‘maroon’, ‘pink’, etc will be good for ladies who have dark complexion.

Points to Reckon While Wearing Silk Sarees

Iron the saree properly and remove the wrinkles before wearing it.

Avoid flared underskirts.

Ensure that the ‘Pallu’ falls on the shoulder (the fold must look graceful); for this, you can use a pin.

Arrange the pleats in an elegant manner; they should look tidy.

Always take care to wear matching jewelry; this will automatically augment the allure of the sari.

Taking Care of Silk Sarees

Silk will withstand wear and tear if properly taken care of.

Dry cleaning is the best bet for washing silk sarees, because, the solvents that are utilized for dry cleaning will not smash up silk.

In case you plan to wash silk sarees manually, you must use cold water and the process must be done mildly.

You must not squeeze, twirl, or brush a silk sari, as that may damage the stuff.

While ironing, you must pick low/ average heat selection.

Discolored silk sari must be given for dry cleaning without delay. In any case, you must not try to remove the stains by washing it.

Cover silk sarees using a muslin fabric and store.

Making Sure the Quality of Silk

There is an easy way to detect the quality of silk materials. Take a small piece and burn it. Good quality silk will not burn continuously, and there will not be any liquefying or oozing. Moreover, the residue will be black in color, and the smell will be similar to that of burning hair.

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